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PRO: Basic twig-Syntax

Twig, Symfony

The PRO JCI-Plugin comes with the twig-Parser: With that you have a simple programming-language at hand for using it together with JSON-data. The basic syntax is described here: https://twig.symfony.com/doc/3.x/

Try it: twigfiddle

At https://twigfiddle.com you can get familiar with it, give it a try with twig-code

{{a}}

and this JSON (select Format JSON):

{"a": "this is a"}

and hit run. This should display this is a

for, if, matches

Let’s try this JSON with a list of two:

{"list" : [ "this is a", "this is b" ] }

with that twig-code:

{% set tmp = "a" %}
{% for l in list %}
  {{loop.index}}: 
  {% if l matches '/'~tmp~'/' %}
    there is a match: {{l}}
  {% else %}
    "{{l}}" is not matching "{{tmp}}"
  {% endif %}
{% endfor %}

Let’s go into the code-details:

{% set tmp = "a" %} defines a variable named tmp

{% for l in list %}...{% endfor %} loops through the JSON-list

{{loop.index}} is displaying the current iteration of the loop

{% if l matches '/'~tmp~'/' %}...{% else %}...{% endif %} checks if the value of “l” (the current item of the loop) matches the value of “tmp”. The ‘~’ concats the value of “tmp” to a regular expression.

A bit simple would be: {% if l==tmp %}...{% else %}...{% endif %}

Read more on that at https://twig.symfony.com/doc/3.x/tags/for.html

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